Canadian scientists have shown that consumption of artificial sweeteners (aspartame, Sucralose and stevia) in the long term may be associated with the risk of increasing body weight and worsening health. A study published in the journal CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal), briefly about it it reports EurekAlert!
Specialists conducted a meta-analysis of 37 studies (of which only seven were randomized controlled trials), in which took part more than 400 thousand people, each of them was observed in an average of ten years.
The researchers found no consistent effect of weight reduction in the use of artificial sweeteners in the short term, whereas long-term use of sweeteners, as demonstrated by some studies, was associated with a risk of increased body weight, high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease.
"Given the widespread use of artificial sweeteners and the current obesity epidemic and related diseases, more research is needed to determine the long-term risks and benefits of sugar substitutes", — said co-author Meghan Azad.
Previously, scientists showed, eating sugar causes in the nervous system animal relations, responsible for the inadequate perception of the caloric content of simple carbohydrates (natural sugar). Thus flies and mice, consuming food, people underestimate its calories and overeat.
Researchers from Loma Linda University (USA) showed that the largest share of calories daily diet should have for Breakfast, and the minimum for dinner. This allows you to keep a normal and stable body mass index. A study published in the Journal of Nutrition.
An unusual signal, which, as previously thought, comes from the red dwarf Ross 128 and may be associated with extraterrestrial civilizations, has a terrestrial origin. "The signal is likely generated by one or more satellites," said Professor Abel Mendez from the University of Puerto Rico.
A group of mathematicians explained the emergence of the grandmothers. According to the theory called "grandmother hypothesis" that menopause is explained by the need to help the younger generation to raise children that increases the chances of further transmission of their genes. However, this theory does not explain when it came grandmother.
The UN Security Council on Monday, July 24, will hold an extraordinary meeting on the situation in Jerusalem, where the clashes between the Palestinians and the Israelis killed several people. The discussion will take place behind closed doors after the morning session of the Council.
The fighting was interrupted Donetsk filtration station. The power supply has been disconnected at 19:25 on Saturday, July 22. Stopped water supply to the city of Avdeevka, partly Donetsk and Yasinovataya, towns Verkhnetoretskoye, Red Partisans, and the village Vasilevka and Kruta Balka.
The head of homeland security and the US cyber command Admiral Michael Rogers believes that now is not the time to create a joint Russian-American group on cyber security. Such opinion as transfers RIA Novosti, he said during a forum on security.